I think i have to explain a bit about the common and annoying erroneous claims of “reverse racism” accusations and misconceptions going around..
– First off to point out that racial differentiation is a Social concept, it is not based upon biology.
We have one single race of humans on earth currently, that being homo-sapiens.
“Around the world, the subject of race is a big influence for stereotypes, discrimination and objectification. Frequently contradictory, racial classifications can often be outdated or replaced with different terms, rendering entire categories meaningless.”
– Secondly, epidermal pigmentation (skin colouration) variation is not a proper nor accurate manner of differentiating or grouping / labeling and or defining humans, it is simply a show of geographical, cultural, ethnic and ancestral lineage engaging ever-evolving genetic variations of our species.
This all being said, racism is a very real and serious consequent of this outdated and primitive erroneous societal construct, one that has been the causation of millennia of extreme violence, slavery, misery and death.
“Human skin colour ranges in variety from the darkest brown to the lightest hues. An individual’s skin pigmentation is the result of genetics, being the product of both of the individual’s biological parents’ genetic makeup, and exposure to sun.
In evolution, skin pigmentation in human beings evolved by a process of natural selection primarily to regulate the amount of ultraviolet radiation penetrating the skin, controlling its biochemical effects.
The actual skin colour of different humans is affected by many substances, although the single most important substance is the pigment melanin. Melanin is produced within the skin in cells called melanocytes and it is the main determinant of the skin colour of darker-skinned humans.
The skin colour of people with light skin is determined mainly by the bluish-white connective tissue under the dermis and by the hemoglobin circulating in the veins of the dermis. The red color underlying the skin becomes more visible, especially in the face, when, as consequence of physical exercise or the stimulation of the nervous system (anger, fear), arterioles dilate. Colour is not entirely uniform across an individual’s skin; for example, the skin of the palm and the sole is lighter than most other skin, and this is especially noticeable in darker-skinned people.
There is a direct correlation between the geographic distribution of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and the distribution of indigenous skin pigmentation around the world. Areas that receive higher amounts of UVR, generally located closer to the equator, tend to have darker-skinned populations. Areas that are far from the tropics and closer to the poles have lower intensity of UVR, which is reflected in lighter-skinned populations.
Researchers suggest that human populations over the past 50,000 years have changed from dark-skinned to light-skinned and vice versa as they migrated to different UV zones, and that such major changes in pigmentation may have happened in as little as 100 generations (≈2,500 years) through selective sweeps.
Natural skin colour can also darken as a result of tanning due to exposure to sunlight. The leading theory is that skin colour adapts to intense sunlight irradiation to provide partial protection against the ultraviolet fraction that produces damage and thus mutations in the DNA of the skin cells. In addition, it has been observed that adult human females on average are significantly lighter in skin pigmentation than males. Females need more calcium during pregnancy and lactation. The body synthesizes vitamin D from sunlight, which helps it absorb calcium. Females evolved to have lighter skin so their bodies absorb more calcium.
The social significance of differences in skin colour has varied across cultures and over time, as demonstrated with regard to social status and discrimination.
Racism involves structural application, such as structural violence and abuse.
As of today and for most of recorded history, White Male supremacy has reigned within institutional applications.
For racism to be in effect the victims would have to be subject to STRUCTURAL and or INSTITUTIONAL applications.
Because we are in a white male superiority based socio-economic structure, it makes Racism against white people impossible for the most part.
So, the Point is there is no such thing as reverse racism, current and historical racism is and has been largely unidirectional.
Again, according to the actual definitions of terminology, POC or minorities cannot be RACIST to white people, they can however be PREJUDICED and or BIGOTED.
It is also not us making this up, this is the proper and actual definitions, we are presenting you with the corroborating and validating proof of this.
Wilful ignorance is engaged by fools who harm society.
Merriam-Webster dictionary defines *Racism as:
1 : a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race
2 : A) a doctrine or political program based on the assumption of racism and designed to execute its principles
B) a political or social system founded on racism
3 : racial prejudice or discrimination
Definition of *Prejudice according to the Merriam-Webster dictionary:
1 : injury or damage resulting from some judgment or action of another in disregard of one’s rights; especially : detriment to one’s legal rights or claims.
2 : A1) preconceived judgment or opinion
A2) an adverse opinion or leaning formed without just grounds or before sufficient knowledge
B) an instance of such judgment or opinion
C) an irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, a group, a race, or their supposed characteristics
Definition of *Bigot as defined by the Merriam-Webster dictionary:
: a person who is obstinately or intolerantly devoted to his, her or their own opinions and prejudices; especially : one who regards or treats the members of a group (such as a racial or ethnic group) with hatred and intolerance
Considering most of the institutions of today are beneficial inherently towards that of white males, it would be near impossible for any of the victims of any form of oppression to victimize the victimizing oppressors within this form of societal operation.
This is to say that racism includes but is not limited to structural and institutional aspects that propagate, perpetuate and or enforce that a specific “racial” grouping has more privilege than another.
This can also include acts and or statements of prejudice and bigotry, but the definition of racism itself mostly focuses upon the institutional aspects incurred by applying predominant structural barriers towards specific groups of people.
As can be cited from such studies and scientifically accumulated information and data as this one here:
“Gender differences in adult health are well documented, but only recently has research begun to investigate how race and ethnicity condition gendered health disparities. This paper contributes to this line of inquiry by assessing gender differences in morbidity across five major US racial and ethnic populations. Using data from the 1997-2001 waves of the National Health Interview Survey, the analysis examines differences in men and women’s self-rated health, functional limitations, and life-threatening medical conditions for whites, blacks, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans. For each health outcome, we investigate the utility of socioeconomic factors in accounting for observed disparities. Contrary to finding universal excess in female morbidity, the results show that the magnitude of gender difference varies considerably by racial/ethnic group, health outcome, and comparison category. The most striking findings are the consistently higher levels of functional limitations for all women compared to men in their same racial/ethnic group and the poorer health of black women relative to both white and black men for all health measures, after adjustment for socioeconomic and background factors. The gender gap for all other health measures is more variable, and for Mexican women a difference is only evident for functional limitations and only when compared to Mexican men. Our results underscore the need for more research on the role of race and ethnicity in shaping gendered health inequalities and the mechanisms that lead to such variable patterns of difference across and within US racial and ethnic populations.”
“Institutional racism is a form of racism expressed in the practice of social and political institutions. Institutional racism is also racism by individuals or informal social groups, governed by behavioral norms that support racist thinking and foment active racism. It is reflected in disparities regarding wealth, income, criminal justice, employment, housing, health care, political power and education, among other factors.
The term “institutional racism” was coined and first used in 1967 by Stokely Carmichael (later known as Kwame Ture) and Charles V. Hamilton in Black Power: The Politics of Liberation. Carmichael and Hamilton wrote that while individual racism is often identifiable because of its overt nature, institutional racism is less perceptible because of its “less overt, far more subtle” nature. Institutional racism “originates in the operation of established and respected forces in the society, and thus receives far less public condemnation than [individual racism]”. They gave examples:
“When white terrorists bomb a black church and kill five black children, that is an act of individual racism, widely deplored by most segments of the society. But when in that same city – Birmingham, Alabama – five hundred black babies die each year because of the lack of power, food, shelter and medical facilities, and thousands more are destroyed and maimed physically, emotionally and intellectually because of conditions of poverty and discrimination in the black community, that is a function of institutional racism. When a black family moves into a home in a white neighborhood and is stoned, burned or routed out, they are victims of an overt act of individual racism which most people will condemn. But it is institutional racism that keeps black people locked in dilapidated slum tenements, subject to the daily prey of exploitative slumlords, merchants, loan sharks and discriminatory real estate agents. The society either pretends it does not know of this latter situation, or is in fact incapable of doing anything meaningful about it.”
Institutional racism was defined by Sir William Macpherson in the 1999 Lawrence report (UK) as: “The collective failure of an organization to provide an appropriate and professional service to people because of their colour, culture, or ethnic origin. It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behaviour which amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness and racist stereotyping which disadvantage minority ethnic people.”
POC (People of Colour + other minorities) can be prejudiced and or bigoted against white people, but directly due to the societal operating models of the past over few thousand years has been a white male superiority basis and social operating foundation.
Hence, since there is no structural and or institutional hindrances or predispositions of bias towards white males particularly, to claim for there to be racism and or sexism against white males is patently inaccurate, false, a folly and blatantly erroneous misconception / misunderstanding of what these terms are defined as and imply.
It is therefore not racism when a POC berates or attacks a white person/s, it is prejudiced and or bigotry.
-“While not empirically supported, the belief in reverse racism is widespread in the United States. Whites’ belief in reverse racism has steadily increased since the civil rights movement of the 1960s. The terms reverse racism and reverse discrimination initially arose in the 1970s in opposition to affirmative action and race-based policies that benefited minorities at the expense of whites. Despite data to the contrary, many whites in the early 21st century believe that anti-white racism is more prevalent than anti-black racism.
The critical race theorist David Theo Goldberg argues that the notion of reverse racism represents a denial of the historical and contemporary reality of racial discrimination. According to University of Kent sociologist Miri Song, “assertions of reverse racism often fail to consider the historically specific ways in which racial hierarchies and inequalities were institutionalized.” In a widely reprinted article, legal scholar Stanley Fish wrote that “‘Reverse racism’ is a cogent description of affirmative action only if one considers the cancer of racism to be morally and medically indistinguishable from the therapy we apply to it”.
Paul Kivel writes in Uprooting Racism: How White People Can Work for Racial Justice that instances of reverse racism are generally rare, and that many claims of reverse discrimination lack merit. According to Kivel, charges of reverse racism are “usually a white strategy to deny white racism and to counterattack attempts to promote racial justice”. Reverse racism is also said to deny the existence of white privilege and power in society.
Researchers at Tufts University and Harvard reported in 2011 that many white Americans felt as though they then suffered the greatest discrimination among racial groups, despite data to the contrary.
Whereas black respondents saw anti-black racism as a continuing problem, whites tended to see such racism as a thing of the past, to the point that they saw prejudice against whites as being more prevalent.
A 2013 study found that priming whites with status-legitimizing beliefs—which include the belief that anyone can become successful if they work hard enough—led whites to be more supportive of other whites who claimed they were victims of anti-white racism.
A 2014 study by the same research team showed that white Americans who think the U.S. status hierarchy is legitimate (i.e. that those who are successful have earned their success) are more likely to think that anti-white racism exists.”
Racism includes aspects that are structural, meaning foundational aspects within social institutions are inherently harder for POC and other minorities to engage and or benefit from as compared to the predominant white male population in a societal operating construct based upon white male superiority currently in place today and has been for the past few hundred years.
Structural violence and abuse are parts of societal operating that are built into institutional applications and processes.
Such as racial discrimination inherent to policing, or racism and and even sexism in the workforce and or society.
Follow this link to learn more about structural violence, poverty and social suffering:
– Structural abuse is the process by which an individual is dealt with unfairly by a system of harm in ways that the person cannot protect themselves against, cannot deal with, cannot break out of, cannot mobilize against, cannot seek justice for, cannot redress, cannot avoid, cannot reverse and cannot change.
Every current socio-economic system in action contains at least one level at which structural abuse occurs, when the actions of the system takes over the actions of individuals within that system to create structures by which abuse of others occurs. Structural abuse should not be confused with structural violence. Structural violence refers to action committed by a larger society, such as racism or classism in an entire society. Structural abuse refers to actions that are not necessarily endorsed by the broader society.
– Structural violence is a term that refers to a form of violence wherein some social structure or social institution may harm people by preventing them from meeting their basic needs. Institutionalized adultism, ageism, classism, elitism, ethnocentrism, nationalism, specieism, racism, and sexism are negative systemic effects of structural violence.
Structural violence is an “avoidable impairment of fundamental human needs”. As it is avoidable, structural violence is a high cause of premature death and unnecessary disability. Because structural violence affects people differently in various social structures, it is very closely linked to social injustice. Structural violence and direct violence are said to be highly interdependent, including family violence, gender violence, hate crimes, racial violence, police violence, state violence, terrorism, and war.
Learn more about structural violence and clinical medicine here-
To get into the “reverse racism” clarification however-
Reverse racism is a snarl term generally employed by wingnuts and white nationalists, referring to actions and attitudes that ostensibly accord racial minorities the same “preferential treatment” once enjoyed by members of the racial majority — or, indeed, any slight, real or imagined, against whites by those of other races, most often in North America. The term tries to delegitimize the emotions and efforts of those who work for racial equality, and to undercut their efforts.
The term is a favourite of concern trolls, who suggest that those working towards equality take things too far, and in order to avoid the label they must reduce their efforts.
The overuse of this term — especially by white supremacists who attribute all minority advancement to “reverse racism” — has proven frustrating to those discussing more legitimate instances of the phenomenon, such as the Tawana Brawley mess or those (successfully) challenged in the U.S. Supreme Court cases Regents of the University of California v. Bakke and Gratz v. Bollinger.
It is also commonly referred to as the “It-sure-is-tough-being-a-white-guy-in-America-today Syndrome” (Sometime shortened to the ISITBAWGIAT Syndrome). It can be found in Great Britain, Australia, and to a much lesser extent Canada, too (under different names, of course).
Reverse discrimination and aggressive behaviour:
It is one kind of reverse discrimination. Analogically, so-called “Men’s Rights” groups sometimes claim feminists are sexist (or “reverse sexist”) towards them.
Many current sociological definitions of racism focus on a central idea of racism as requiring not just racially-charged beliefs, but also the power to affect races differently. The very systems of the Western world have been qualified as racist because of the “culturally sanctioned beliefs, which, regardless of intentions involved, defend the advantages whites have because of the subordinated position of racial minorities.”
In conclusion, according to the dictionary and encyclopedic definitions of the terms ‘Racism and or Sexism’ as well as the global scientific communities consensus all agree and conclude that there is no such thing as “reverse racism and or sexism,” because a racially disadvantaged person and or what is considered a “lesser gender” in a subordinate position is not benefiting from “culturally sanctioned” racial and gender prejudices and so cannot be racist or sexist as per the globally agreed upon terminological definitions of words therein.
I hope this clarifies at least a little bit about this subject.
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